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November 10, 2022

National Institutes of Health NIH Turning Discovery Into Health A healthy diet includes a variety of plant-based and animal-based foods that provide nutrients to the body. Nutrients help build and strengthen bones, muscles, and tendons and also regulate body processes (i.e., blood pressure). Macronutrients are consumed in relatively large quantities and include proteins, carbohydrates, and fats and fatty acids. Micronutrients – vitamins and minerals – are consumed in relatively smaller quantities, but are essential to body processes. The food guide pyramid is a pyramid-shaped guide of healthy foods divided into sections. Each section shows the recommended intake for each food...